Global Genome Biodiversity Network (GGBN)

technical specification draft standard
Image by Lukasz Szmigiel

Status: TDWG Draft Standard

Complements TDWG Standards:


Replaces: DNA extension for Access to Biological Collection Data (ABCDDNA)

Date: (created) 4th October 2016; (last modified) 4th October 2016.

Copyright: Copyright © GGBN (2016). All Rights Reserved.


Droege et al (2016): The Global Genome Biodiversity Network (GGBN) Data Standard specification. Database. doi:10.1093/database/baw125


The GGBN Data Standard ( is a set of terms and controlled vocabularies designed to represent tissue, DNA or RNA facts and does not cover e.g. scientific name, geography or physiological facts. Within GGBN it is used together with Darwin Core or ABCD. It covers all molecular terms of MIxS, MIMARKS and MIGS and can also handle SPREC (Standard PREanalytical Codes) and large parts of BRISQ (Biospecimen Reporting for Improved Study Quality).

This document ~~specifies~~ describes the GGBN Data Standard. The actual terms and definitions that comprise the standard can be found in the TDWG terms repository at the URL above.

The GGBN Data Standard is a product of the Global Genome Biodiversity Network. The stable version 1.0 can be found at


Gabi Droege, Katharine Barker, Walter G. Berendsohn, Sean Brady, Carol Butler, E. Margaret Casey, Jonathan Coddington, John Deck, David Fichtmüller, Birgit Gemeinholzer, Anton Güntsch, Jörg Holetschek, Tom Hollowell, Patricia Kelbert, Hans-Peter Klenk, Renzo Kottmann, Christopher Lewis, Chris Lyal, Jacqueline Mackenzie-Dodds, Christopher Meyer, Daniel Mulcahy, Éamonn Ó Tuama, Thomas Orrell, Gitte Petersen, Astrid Schories, Ole Seberg, Jamie Whitacre, Pelin Yilmaz, Holger Zetzsche, Yong Zhang, Xin Zhou, Erica Benson, Boyke Bunk, Enrique Arbeláez Cortés, Boyke Bunk, René Dekker, Markus Döring, Sonya Dyhrman, Paul Flemons, Elisabeth Haring, Thomas Knebelsberger, Ivayolo Kostadinov, Rita T. Lawlor, Jon Norenburg, Sara Y. Nussbeck, Michael Raupach, Thomas von Rintelen, Tim Robertson, Larissa Smirnova, Carola Söhngen, Sun Ying, Lee A. Weigt, John Wieczorek, Kenneth Wurdack, Elizabeth Zimmer